A student recently wrote in to ask about the relationship between Logical Reasoning and Reading Comprehension on the LSAT, and more specifically whether he should be looking to apply the lessons from the Logical Reasoning Bible to the Reading Comp section of the test. This is an interesting question, and one that I’ve heard before from students seeking to clarify the relationship and distinctions between the various sections of the test.
The answer is Yes, because when an author makes an argument, it will be comprised of the components discussed in the Logical Reasoning Bible—a conclusion, based on premises in support of that conclusion. And since the same questions can be asked about argumentation regardless of where it appears, students should be ready to apply the same rules of critical analysis to any argument they encounter.
While there is overlap between the two sections where analysis and potential question types are concerned, however, Reading Comprehension question types tend to be less diverse than those found in Logical Reasoning, because the test makers tend to present different types of challenges in the test’s various sections. With two scored Logical Reasoning sections, the makers of the LSAT have a lot of opportunity to test your reasoning ability, which is why they will often jump from an Assumption question, to a Weaken to a Justify, and why those sections tend to feature a much greater diversity of question types.
As discussed in the Reading Comprehension Bible, LSAT Reading Comp passages tend to be followed in large part by Must Be True questions. Other question types are routinely featured in Reading Comp, but on that section the test makers appear to be focused more on such things as your ability to decipher dense passages regarding esoteric subject matter, and how well you are able to track various perspectives, their similarities and their distinctions.