As I've mentioned on a number of prior occasions, some of the most important weapons you have in your battle with the LSAT are your mental strength, confidence, and overall outlook. Of course, your processing speed and reasoning powers are critical, but I look at them as only half of the equation. If you process quickly and understand argumentation, that will take you a long way, but if you are also scared of the exam and don't fully trust yourself, you will fail to reach your potential. Because of this, I pay close attention to developments in the field of psychology. An article in last month's Journal of Experimental Social Psychology caught my eye because it addressed how our sense of smell can affect our reasoning ability, and in fact help us to be sharper in detecting misleading information. Flawed argumentation is something that occurs all the time on the LSAT, so if there's a way to become better at detecting it, I want to know about it. So what was the special trick they were talking about?
As described in an article on Futurity.org, when people are in the presence of a bad smell (such as rotten fish), they become more suspicious and better able to detect questionable reasoning. The author attributes this effect to a basic survival mechanism: the health necessity of avoiding rotten or dangerous food. Eating bad food can kill you, and that was especially the case before the advent of modern medicine, so humans needed to recognize when they were in the presence of bad food. Naturally, this worked itself into the language, and the phrase the study's author references is, "Something smells fishy," which is a phrase found in a number of languages around the world. But how does that sense of smell help us reason better?
Apparently, simply being in the presence of a bad smell triggers our suspicion mechanisms, and makes us more alert on a number of levels, not just an olfactory level. The study tested something known as the Moses Illusion, which involves asking subjects “How many animals of each kind did Moses take on the Ark?” Of course, the story of the Ark involves Noah, not Moses, and so the question itself contains a mistake. Respondents who were in an environment where something smelled fishy as they answered the question were almost 150% more likely to identify the error than respondents in a "normal" environment.
So, how does that help us for the LSAT? First, this story reminds us that the human mind is an incredibly powerful machine, but one that is subject to manipulation. There are steps you can take that either increase or decrease your performance, so pay attention to those elements as you approach the test. Having a strong mental outlook is essential to doing well on the test. Second, the study tells us that you should bring a dead fish to the next LSAT administration. Ok, maybe that's not a great idea, so we can skip that one. But, what you can do is review some of the many resources we have on test mentality, and make sure that you are doing everything possible to give yourself an advantage. Here's a convenient list of some of my favorites:
- PowerScore LSAT Test Mentality Seminar (see the 5th link down under Recorded Lessons). This is a seminar that Jon Denning and I did before a prior October LSAT. We discuss test anxiety and how to create a stronger test mentality (and toss in a few neat tricks, too).
- LSAT Anxiety and the Power of Positive Thinking. An excellent blog by Jon Denning on preparing for success.
- The LSAT and the Power of Negative Thinking. Considering failure has its benefits too, as Nikki Siclunov explains.
- Controlling Test Day Anxiety, NASA Style. How astronauts overcome their fears and anxiety can help you as you prepare for the LSAT, by Ron Gore.
- Andy Murray's Motivational Notes and the LSAT. Even superstars need a pep talk during big matches.
- LSAT Test Mentality: Upgrade Your Brain. Ron Gore discusses studies that show that how we think can create physical changes in the brain. So now you can literally become an LSAT monster!
- Tom Brady and the LSAT. My personal favorite blog post of all time.
Those are just a few of our best posts on the subject, and you can find all of our LSAT blogs on Test Mentality here.So, make sure you take time to prepare your mind to succeed as well as giving yourself the techniques and strategies you need to solve each question. And, maybe before you leave for the LSAT, open your fridge and take out the oldest piece of food in there and smell it. It can't hurt, right?
Have any questions or comments? Please post them below. Thanks!
Photo credit: "Fresh Fish" by 昶廷 林.