Let’s keep June ACT- and SAT-free, shall we? It just seems unnatural to think about standardized tests right after the school year ends. Next week, after the holiday, you can start thinking about college admissions again, but for now, let’s just concentrate on what’s important: summer.One of the best parts of summer is guilty-pleasure TV; shows that are deemed too tawdry for the major network fall line-up are suddenly given the green-light for summer. And thank goodness! Without Housewives or Ninja Warriors or Beat Shazam, I might actually have to venture out in the heat and humidity for my summer entertainment. Gasp! So let’s celebrate Summer TV by using ten of the most common test vocabulary words to describe 10 favorite ways to spend the summer in central air.
1. In What Would You Do?, actors use pretense to reveal how unsuspecting members of the public will react to questionable situations, such as a father body-shaming his child or a teenager bullying another student.
Pretense: (n.) a false act intending to deceive
Word Forms: pretension, pretentious, pretentiously
Antonym Forms: unpretentious
Related Word: pretend
2. Kylie Jenner, star of the Life of Kylie and Keeping Up With the Kardashians reality shows, has repeatedly refuted all reports that she has had plastic surgery on her lips and insists instead that their noticeable growth is the result of products from her makeup line.
Refute: (vb.) to prove to be false; to deny as true
Word Forms: refutable, refutably, refutal, refuter
Antonym Forms: irrefutable, irrefutably
3. In Orange is the New Black, both prison guards and prisoners work to undermine Warden Caputo's authority in order to advance their own agendas.
Undermine: (vb.) to weaken
Word Forms: underminingly, underminer
4. Unlike the Razzies, which condemn and ridicule the worst films of the year, the MTV Movie and TV Awards celebrate fan favorites on both the big and small screen.
Condemn: (vb.) to express strong disapproval of
Word Forms: condemningly, condemnable, condemnably, condemnation
Related Word: damn
5. The rash of game show reboots--such as Love Connection, The $100,000 Pyramid, and To Tell the Truth-- is likely due to the nation's nostalgia for a simpler time.
Nostalgia: (n.) a desire to return to the past
Word Forms: nostalgic, nostalgically
6. Jon Taffer, star of Bar Rescue, renovates the interior of taverns to make them more attractive to customers, but in addition to improving the aesthetic qualities of a bar, he also works with its employees to increase their efficiency and customer service skills.
Aesthetic: (adj.) relating to beauty
Word Forms: aesthetically, aesthetics (n.), aesthete
Antonym Form: unaesthetic
Related Word: esthetician
7. The contestants on American Ninja Warrior must navigate a hostile course with menacing obstacles like the Salmon Ladder, the Wing Nuts, and the Warped Wall.
Hostile: (adj.) openly opposed; showing ill-will
Word Forms: hostilely, hostility
8. Simon Cowell often expresses ambivalence about his return as a judge on America's Got Talent, citing his busy schedule as one of the sources of his mixed feelings, but he keeps returning to the show each summer.
Ambivalent: (adj.) having mixed feelings
Word Forms: ambivalently, ambivalence
9. Game of Thrones examines how the quest for power profoundly affects the lives of several families in a fantasy realm.
Profound: (adj.) deep; intense
Word Forms: profoundly, profoundness, profundity
10. At its heart, Big Brother is a study of human interaction in close confinement, where the motives and intentions of each house guest are obscure to each other, but are plainly visible to the viewing public.
Obscure: (adj.) not clearly understood or expressed
Word Forms: obscure (vb.), obscurely, obscurity
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